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TSUNAMI

 
   
 

Introduction

 
 

Pudukkottai District was formed in January 1974 carved out from the then Trichy and Thanjavur districts.  It is having an area of 4663.29 Sq.Kms with a total coastal line of 42 Kms. The district is bound by Trichy Sivaganga, Ramanathapuram and Thanjavur Districts  and the Bay of Bengal.

The tsunami on 26 December 2004 was caused by a strongest submarine earthquake occurred off the west coast of northern Sumatra, Indonesia in Indian Ocean.  The tsunami struck the eastern and southwestern coast of India as well as the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.  The 9.0 magnitude (Richter scale) quake, which was strongest in the world for at least 40 years, created havoc across the whole region.  It is the most devastating geological event in the modern history of the world in terms of damage and destruction to human lives, property and coastal ecosystems.  The total loss of human lives in 13 countries (Indonesia, Thailand, Sri Lanka, India, Bangladesh, Burma, Malaysia, Philippines, Seychelles, Maldives, Myanmar, Somalia, Kenya and Tanzania) was 2,98,029.  The earthquakes set off giant tsunami waves of 3-10 meters in height which hit the eastern coastal and south western coastal areas of India and penetrated Inland from 300m to 3 Kms causing extensive damage in the Union Territory (UT) of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and the coastal district of Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and Tamil Nadu and the Union Territory (UT) of Pondicherry 2,260Kms coastal area besides the Andaman and Nicobar Islands were affected.

In Tamil Nadu over 7983 deaths were reported.  Of the 12 Coastal districts affected in Tamil Nadu, Nagappattinam where 6051 people died, was the worst affected.  Over 824 died in Kanniyakumari and 612 were reported dead in Cuddalore district. In Pudukkottai District 15 persons were reported dead and 15 persons missing.  An estimated 85% of people affected by the Tsunami in Tamil nadu are pelieved to be from the fishing community.

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The Reconstruction Process

 
 

In the first year after the tsunami, glimmerings of hope shone through the darkenss of utter devastation and misery.  Panic  stricken minds, flooded with repeated thoughts of that fateful day, found hope in the quick and proactive relief efforts, taken by the District Administration  Restoration and reconstruction progressed on a steady and definite schedule.  After urgent attention was given to the primary needs of health, psychosocial support, child protection, shelter, water and sanitation and education, the focus of administration shifted to permanent reconstruction measures.  These, in turn boosted livelihood  support, activities.  With these efforts, communities in coastal and adjoining villages were able to augment earning capacity and improve their quality of life.  Steps were also taken for averting a future tragedy, such as the one the December 26, 2004 tsunami left in its wake.  Bio-shield projects, shifting residences away from vulnerable zones, improving communication and warning mechanisms in coastal villages are being implemented.

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Coordination and Information through Tsunami

 
 

Various personal and institutional communication channels facilitated multi-sectoral and multi  agency efforts towards assessment of damage, recovery and restoration.  Coordination and information  sharing efforts successfully crystallized early on, during the rescue and relief stages.   All coastal schools and churches and morgues and temples  were used as emergency centers, managed by government officials under the supervision of Deputy Collectors.  Revenue and uniformed officials executed rescue operations ferrying the affected to relief centers for first aid.  A total 15 people were evacuated and attended to in the relief centers.

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Relief and Rehabilitation Measures

 
 
  • Village level and Taluk level Coordination Committees were formed to monitor and help the rescue, relief and rehabilitation activities. 
  • Collectors conducted coordination meetings with NGOs involved in the construction of permanent houses and other infrastructure with the departmental officials.
  • A District Coastal Zone Management Authority Committee was convened to regulate CRZ clearances wherever required.
  • District and village  level committees were formed to monitor the disbursement of relief materials, additional relief fishing implements etc.
  • School tuition fee exemption were announced for school and college students, relief declared for loss of assets, and necessary benefits canalized for all genuine applications.
  • The Government of Tamilnadu maintains a very detailed website www.tn.gov.in/tsunami which gives constant updates on the program.  All government orders issued so far, the environmental and social frame work adopted for the extremely wided projects and provides links for other departments and NGOs.
  • Damage was assessed in consultation with the community by:
  • The Revenue Department: houses, infrastructure, livelihood;
  • The Rural Department (if rural) by the Municipal Administration Town Panchayat (if urban): roads, water facilities and sanitation requirement:
  • The Agriculture and Horticulture Departments: agriculture, crop damage etc:
  • The Fisheries Department damage to boats, nets etc.,
  • The Forest Department and UNDP ecological damage, vulnerability mapping etc.
  • WHO: damage to health care facilities:
  • UNICEF: separated and orphaned children and trafficking.
  • The Highways Department damaged roads, children and trafficking:
  • TWAD board : damage to the water  supply system and sewage lines.
  • TNEP : power lines and street lights

The resulted in increased and fruitful interaction between the community and district administration. 

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Missing or Deceased Persons in Tsunami

 
 

Missing persons in Tsunami, 2004

S. NO Name of the deceased Name and address of the Legal Heir Amount paid under Total Remarks
CMPRF PMRF    
(In Rupees)    
1. Sowrammal Husband
Sekdawood
1,00,000 -- 1,00,000  
2. Rm.Syed Abdul khadar Father
Mohamed ali jinna
1,00,000 -- 1,00,000  
3. Fathimabegam Father Sahul maideen 1,00,000 -- 1,00,000  
4. Selvi Rani @ Meharbanu Son
KSS Kabeeb mohamed
1,00,000 -- 1,00,000  
5. Rowthar abba Mother
A.Mumtaj
1,00,000 -- 1,00,000  
6. J.Ganesan Fathar Jeganathan 1,00,000 -- 1,00,000  
7. Tmt Asmabeevi Father
KSS Kabbep mohamed
1,00,000 -- 1,00,000  
8. C.Urumaiah Mother Malayathal 1,00,000 -- 1,00,000  
9. P.Mariyappan Mother Nallammal 1,00,000 -- 1,00,000  
10. Parveenbanu @ Rojammal   1,00,000 -- 1,00,000  
 
 

Deceased Persons due to Tsunami, 2004

S.NO Name of the deceased Name and address of the Legal Heir Amount paid under Total

Remarks

CMPRF PMRF    
(In Rupees)    
1. M.Raja Wife R.Ponnammal 1,00,000 -- 1,00,000  
2. M.Rengammal Husband
A.Karuppan
1,00,000 -- 1,00,000  
3. A.Govindan Son
G.Thiyagarasu
1,00,000 -- 1,00,000  
4. P.Nirmala Father
P.Palaniyandi
1,00,000 -- 1,00,000  
5. S.Vijaya Husband
Subramaniyan
1,00,000 -- 1,00,000  
6. M.Jameelabeevi Husband
M.Mohamed sarief
1,00,000 -- 1,00,000  
7. M.Habeebrahuman Father
Mohamed sharief
1,00,000 -- 1,00,000  
8. M.Santhi Murugesan 1,00,000 -- 1,00,000  
9. M.Maheshwaran Father
S.Murugesan
1,00,000 -- 1,00,000  
10. Valarmathi Son Minor kannan
Gardian
V.Chinnathambi
1,00,000 -- 1,00,000  
11. Syedli Fathima Huband KSS
Kabeebmohamed
1,00,000 -- 1,00,000  
12. Mumthajbegam Husband Abdulkadar 1,00,000 -- 1,00,000  
13. Mahamuthabeevi Husband Sahulmaideen 1,00,000 -- 1,00,000  
14. Abubakkar Wife
Mumtajbegam
1,00,000 -- 1,00,000  
15. Sakubarsathik Father Saik dawood 1,00,000 -- 1,00,000  
16 Sarammal Father Kajamaideen 1,00,000 -- 1,00,000  
17. Mohamadfaizal Father Sahulhameed 1,00,000 -- 1,00,000  
18. Asisha sabha Father sahulhameed 1,00,000 -- 1,00,000  
19. Mohamed
Agiya
Father Abdulkathar 1,00,000 -- 1,00,000  
20. Ayisha Sithika Father Abdulkabur 1,00,000 -- 1,00,000  
21. Rajithabanu Father Mohamed Sarif 1,00,000 -- 1,00,000  
22. Ayeshabanu Gardian Abbas 1,00,000 -- 1,00,000  
23. Irsath banu Father Mohamed Abdulla 1,00,000 -- 1,00,000  
24 Irbana Father mohamed Iliyas 1,00,000 -- 1,00,000  
25 Mohamed sabeek Father Mohamed Iliyas 1,00,000 -- 1,00,000  

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Rajiv Gandhi Rehabilitation Project Vulnerable Houses

 
 

Housing reconstruction for the 2308 houses in the first phase will be completed by June 2010.  Till March 2010, TDIU, Pudukkottai has handed over 461 houses to beneficiaries.

            While implementing the tsunami housing programme the state government realised that many poor families are living very close to the sea and are vulnerable to the damages caused by frequent natural disasters like flood.  Cyclone etc., these families were nor affected by tsunami but were highly vulnerable because of the proximity to the sea and the poor construction of the dwelling units. Which exposed their poor income status.  Thatched houses, tiled houses with mud walls or dried bricks and non-engineered poorly constructed houses, which get easily damaged in case of natural calamities are categorized as vulnerable house.  Disaster resistant houses are built for those living in poorly constructed houses and dilapidated houses in the vulnerable areas of coastal districts of Tamil Nadu.  The state Government has issued necessary orders for reconstruction of vulnerable houses lying 200 meters from the HTO and from the backwaters and IAY and other Government financed houses. which are lying within 1000 meters from the HTL, under the RGRP with assistance from Union Government.

            Survey teams were formed to enumerate vulnerable houses within 1000 meters of the HTL and 200 meters from the backwaters.  A tahsildar cadre officer and one Deputy Collector  level officer monitored the survey.  The team leader, assistant team leader and the enumerating staff were given trained to classify houses. 

 
  Details of construction of vulnerable houses in Phase II (0 - 200 Mt) Rajiv Gandhi Package - as on 28.02.2010  
     
  Details of progress on the reconstruction of houses in Vulnerable areas  in phase-II housing programme under RGRP  
 
S.no Name of Habitation Houses
taken up
Earth work Base ment Lintel Roof  laid Plas tering Fini shing
1. Alaganvayal 13 - - 13 - - -
2. Ammappattinam 28 - 28 - - - -
3. Ammappattinam therku 34 - 34 - - - -
4. Ammappattinam vadakku 86 - 86 - - - -
5. Anthoniyarpuram 17 - - 11 6 - -
6. Arasanagarippattinam 61 - - - 3 49 9
7. Athippattinam 59 - 45 14 - - -
8. Avudayarpattinam 30 - 1 13 16 - -
9. Ayyampattinam 70 - 70 - - - -
10. Chellanenthal 65 - 65 - - - -
11. Embavayal 12 - - - - 12 -
12. Ganapathippattinam 19 - - - 1 18 -
13. Gopalappattinam 136 - - - 30 23 83
14. Jegathappattinam 72 - 69 3 - - -
15. Kattumavadi Meenavar st, 67 - 17 41 9 - -
16 Muslim street 18 - - 11 7 - -
17. Nadutheru 50 - - 31 7 12 -
18 Kottaippattinam therukku 36 - 36 - - - -
19 Kottaippattinam vadakku 40 - 1 37 2 - -
20 Krishnajippattinam 51 - 11 17 23 - -
21 Kumarappanvayal 84 - - - - 23 61
22 Kuppadevan 3 - - 3 - - -
23 Meenavar colony KTP 172 - 161 9 2 - -
24 Melashthanam 25 - - - 4 1 20
25 Mimisal 19 - - - - - 19
26 Mumbalaippattinam 10 - - - 10 - -
27 Muthukkuda 131 - 96 29 6 - -
28 Odavimadam 46 - 26 5 15 - -
29 P.R pattinam 48 - 23 5 15 5 -
30 Palakkudi 25 - - - - 25 -
31 Pillayarthidal 27 - - - - - 27
32 Pirathabiraman pattinam 46 - - - - - 46
33 Ponnagaram 19 - - - 18 1 -
34 R.Puduppattinam (N) 144 - 98 40 6 - -
35 R.puduppattinam (S) 114 - 53 54 7 - -
36 Ravuthanvayal 1 - - 1 - - -
37 Sangam theru 8 - 8 - - - -
38 Sanguthoppu 9 - - 9 - - -
39 Seetharampattinam 31 - - - 21 10 -
40 Therukku Pudukkudi 123 - 32 20 51 - 20
41 Thirumangalappattinam 10 - - - 10 - -
42 Vadakku ammappattinam 51 - 2 6 31 12 -
43 Vadakkupudukkudi 189 - 74 2 10 0 103
44 Yahoo Hasan pettai 9 - 9 - - - -
                 
  Total  2308 0 1059 326 346 171 406

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Basic Amenities Provided after Tsunami

 
 

Ecological considerations and eco-restoration was the second overarching strategy that underlined the entire process of infrastructure - development and shelter construction.  Detailed guidelines and checklists for construction focused on the rational use of natural resources, causing minimum damage to the ecosystem and protection of the inhabitants.  Compliance to CRZ was made mandatory in principle in the government's housing reconstruction policy, though in some pockers it met with some resistance.  Restoration of ground water had implications on provision of quality drinking water as well as on availability of irrigation for agriculture.  Solid waste management, waste-water management and also management of hospital waste advocated in the newly - built housing colonies furthered the ecological cause in tsunami - affected areas.  De silting and dredging works were carried our at the estuaries, agricultural fields desalinated and ground water sources restored to restore livelihoods of fishermen and agriculturists respectively.  Cultivation of shelterbelts along the coast meant protection from the sea in any future incidence of high waves.  In certain places, these plantations in the memory of lost lives also comforted the survivors.

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ETRP Vulnerability Reduction of Coastal Communities

 
 

The Go TN, with the help of GOI and the World Bank, is working on a massive vulnerability reduction programme by reconstruction of formerly-vulnerable houses up to 1000 meters from the coast, 27 early warning systems, 13 Evacuation Shelters and other disaster risk-management features.  By the year 2010, District Administration Pudukkottai aims to build a model disaster - resistant infrastructure with a vibrant, disaster -  resilient coastal community.

People living in vulnerable houses were also enumerated for relocation or accommodation in houses to be constructed under the ETRP (VRCC).

            Based on the survey conducted by the survey teams a total of 1383 houses have been identified as vulnerable to natural calamities for replacement with disaster resistant houses.  The construction of houses in vulnerable areas is also complimented by construction of cyclone shelters evacuation routes, early warning systems etc., to protect the coastal people against any calamity in the future.

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Reconstruction and Resettlement

 
  Disaster resistant houses built with increased investment.  At the end of ETRP (VRCC)  more than 1383 families will be in safer, stronger houses, which are also insured for 10 years.
  • Amenities like sanitation and water supply are now of a higher standard.

  • Better all weather roads and bridges have been built in vulnerable locations.

  • Improved ports, harbours and fish -  landing centers have been built.

  • Better quality, longer lasting boats and safety equipment have been procured.

  • Coastal communities are better connected with wireless scts/early warning systems and better trained to cope with disasters through programmes like the Disaster Risk  - Management Programme.

  • There is greater awareness and respect for coastal ecology.

  • Psycho-social support and social equity have gained attention.

  • Newer, larger facilities now exist for care of children, physically challenged persons, older citizens and for trauma care.

Long  term rehabilitation and Reconstruction policy
  • Those living very close to sea shore and wishing to be relocated were shifted to safer sites.
  • The affected were provided not only housing but also a community hall, cyclone shelters, proper roads, sanitation, childrens park etc.,
  • Different sewage treatment systems were proposed for different locations depending on their size, number of houses, type of soil, gradient, water table etc.,
  • Forest Department proposed to create an eco-friendly atmosphere by planting more trees.
  • Certain areas were identified for potential sea-erosion and rubble  - mound wall-construction was also proposed.
  • Disaster - resistant houses with built -  in basic amenities were proposed.
  • A good communication network would decrease the response time to a disaster.
  • Awareness would be generated on the dos and donts for different hazards.

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Evacuation Shelters

 
 
S.No Name of the Village SF.No Classification of Land Extent in Ha / Area  Extent Available
1. Kattumavadi(Alaganvayal) 70/3 Cyclone shelter 0.60.5 0.20.0
2. PIllaiyarthidal 44/1 ADW 1.25.5 0.30.0
3. Mumbalai 221/1 Govt. High School 4.04.5 0.20.0
4. Mumbalai 265 / 1 Natham 0.21.0 0.08.0
5. Manamelkudi 290/66 Natham 0.71.5 0.20.0
6. Avudayarpattinam 2/4 Govt Poromboke 0.33.0 0.20.0
7. Kottaippattinam 218-1 Poromboke (Govt High School) 0.11.5 0.20.0
8. Keelamanjakkudi 107 / 25 Thoppu Poromboke 8.41.5 0.20.0
9. Periyamadipaichal 109/2 ADW 2.00.0 0.30.0
10. Nattanipurasakkudi 53/4 Govt. Poromboke 0.50.5 0.20.0
11. Alathur (Mimisal) 112/2 Assessed Wet Waste 0.54.5 0.20.0
12. Arasanagarippattinam 68/3 Govt. Poromboke 0.40.5 0.20.5
13. Muthukkuda 87/3 Govt. Poromboke (Cyclone shelters) 1.12.0 0.20.5

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Early Warning System

 
 
S.NO Name of the village Location of the sites
Manamelkudi Taluk
1 Alaganvayal VAO  quarters
2. P.R Pattinam PU Middle School
3. Krishnajippattinam Government High School
4. Krishnajippattinam Panchayat Office
5. Melasthanam PU Middle School
6. Kandanivayal Community Hall
7. Mumbalai PU Elementary School
8. Pattankadu VAO quarters
9. Manamelkudi Government Girls High School
10. Vadakku Manamelkudi PU Elementary School
11. Vadakku Ammapattinam PU Middle School
12 Ponnagaram PU Middle School
13 Avudayarpattinam PU Middle School
14 Ammappattinam Government Girls High School
15 Ammappattinam Primary Health Center
16 Pudukkudi PU Middle School
17 Kottaippattinam Revenue Inspector quarters
18 Jegathappattinam PU Middle School
19 Palakkudi PU Middle School
20. Kumarappanvayal PU Middle School
Avudayarkoil Taluk
1. Gopalappattinam PU Middle School
2. Gopalappattinam Government High Secondary School
3. Mimisal Government Higher Secondary School
4. Mimisal PU Elementary School
5. R.Puduppattinam Muslim Middle School
6. R.Puduppattinam PU Elementary  School
7. Arasanagarippattinam PU Middle  School
8. Kadavakkottai PUM Elementary School
9. Muthukkuda Saraswathi Vithyalaya Elementary School
10. Enathi PU Elementary School.
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Prime Minister Scholarship Scheme

 
  ASSISTANCE TO STUDENTS

Financial Assistance
            The Government has sanctioned financial assistance to children / girls who have lost both parents or one parent to the tsunami and the other parent prior to the tsunami and deposited the amount in the name of beneficiaries.  Besides that in an effort to support schooling.   the following financial packages from the PMNRF were given to students affected by the tsunami.

Scholarship for Tsunami  affected Children
            Children whose families were affected by the tsunami through loss of life, or livelihood and who are studying from I to X standard are eligible to get this assistance.  Under this scheme a sum of Rs. 300/- per month will be given to the children to defray school going expenses.  This assistance will be made available directly to the children through their parents/guardians through individual bank accounts, till they complete X standard.  In Nagappattinam alone 25,770 children were benefited under PMSTAC and 1037 under PMCA scheme for the year 2005 - 06.

            Within two months following the tsunami, several GOs were issued to enable supply of free textbooks and notebooks, uniforms and duplicate certificates to replace those lost in the disaster, Other measures included allowing affected children to write their school leaving exams later affected children to write their school leaving exams later than scheduled and ensuring that no affected child paid any kind of fee.  Thanks to the concession in tuition and examination fees they could resume schooling.  Besides giving Rs. 300 per month as scholarship from PMNRF scholarship schemes for all the students, studying in classes scholarship schemes for all the students, studying in classes 1 to X from tsunami affected families, Go TN implemented various support schemes for children who where orphaned and those whose schooling was discontinued after the tsunami.

 
  Waiver
Reimbursement of Tuition fees / Special fees
 
 

Go TN exempted tsunami affected students from paying tuition fees / special fees for the period from January I, 2005 to till the end of academic year 2005 - 2006. Go TN paid the amount payable by the students.  This concession was extended for the academic year 2006 - 07 from the month June 2006.  The tuition  fee waiver from Go TN covers classes from LKG to XII and higher studies in Polytechnics, Engineering colleges, Medicine, Nursing courses etc,, So far a sum of Rs 14.50 crore was sanctioned for the academic year 2005 -  06 for 33127 students and Rs 12.36 crore was sanctioned for the year 2006 - 2007 for 25187 students.

            To ensure that students get all the benefits offered to them by the state government, necessary orders have been issued by the Education Department to all the concerned educational institutions and individuals.  The District Collectors  also sent letters to all the Educational Institutions concerned, to send claims for reimbursement of Special Fees and Tuition Fees payable by the tsunami affected students.  Care was taken that no eligible person is deprived of the benefits of these schemes.

1. Educational Claims Allotment Rs.3,29,207
Amount disbursed to the Tsunami affected students Rs:2,75,700
Balance Rs: 53,507
The balance amount of Rs.53,507/- has been remitted in to Government account on 09.06.2008.
 
   

Progress of Expenditure on the Prime Ministers Scholarship Scheme as on 31.12.2009

 
 
Years Allotment
A 1. 2006  - 2007 Rs 1,64,86,200
  2. 2007  - 2008 Rs 1,19,98,800
  3. 2008  - 2009 Rs    94,47,300
  Total Rs 3,79,32,300
  4. 2009  - 2010 1,01,69,100
B Amount Utilized
  By CEO Rs 1,45,55,400
  By DEEO Rs 2,16,22,500
  Total Rs3,61,44,000
C Amount Under Utilization By DEEO (66000 + 29400) Rs         95,400
D Balance already remitted Rs     2,65,997
E Balance Available (A-(B+C+D)) Rs   15,22,303
F D.Ds for Balance including interest sent to P.S & CRA on 14.09.2009 Rs  15,86,559
G D.Ds for Balance including interest sent to P.S & CRA on  13.11.2009 Rs 3600
 
 
sl.no District No of beneficiaries Amount released Amount spent Balance
1 Pudukkottai 4954 36144000 36144000 0
 
 

Page Last Updated On :13/01/2017
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